A systemic, febrile disease that is inflammatory & non-suppurative in nature & variable in severity, duration & sequelae.
It is acute febrile illness following streptococcal sore throat & characterised by fleeting arthritis, pancarditis, leucocytosis & raised ESR.
Following a streptococcal infection the patient will experience the sudden occurrence of fever & joint pain; this is the most common type of onset. Rheumatic fever may occur without any sign or symptom of joint involvement. Acute rheumatic fever usually affects children (5-15years) or young adults.
ETIOLOGY of Rheumatic Fever
• Streptococcal-A infection.
• Age: 5-15 years
• Sex: more common in females.
• Genetic predisposition noted.
• Over crowding.
• Poor sanitation.
• Cold weather.
CLINICAL FEATURES of Rheumatic Fever
1) Prodormal phase: Tonsillitis or sore throat 1-4 weeks prior to onset of acute rheumatic fever. Vague prodromata include GROWING PAINS, read more [...]
What is Swine Flu?
Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza virus that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza in pigs. Swine flu viruses cause high levels of illness and low death rates in pigs. Swine influenza viruses may circulate among swine throughout the year, but most outbreaks occur during the late fall and winter months similar to outbreaks in humans.
The 2009 flu outbreak in humans is due to a new strain of influenza A virus subtype H1N1 that derives in part from human influenza, avian influenza, and two separate strains of swine influenza. The origins of this new strain are unknown. It passes with apparent ease from human to human, an ability attributed to an as-yet unidentified mutation. The strain in most cases causes only mild symptoms and the infected person makes a full recovery without requiring medical attention and without the use of antiviral medicines.
Why is there so much panic about Swine Flu? After all it’s read more [...]
Schistosomiasis (also known as bilharzia, bilharziosis or snail fever) is a parasitic disease caused by several species of fluke of the genus Schistosoma.
Although it has a low mortality rate, schistosomiasis often is a chronic illness that can damage internal organs and, in children, impair growth and cognitive development. The urinary form of schistosomiasis is associated with increased risks for bladder cancer in adults.Schistosomiasis is the second most socioeconomically devastating disease after malaria.
This disease is most commonly found in Asia, Africa, and South America, especially in areas where the water contains numerous freshwater snails, which may carry the parasite.
The disease affects many people in developing countries, particularly children who may acquire the disease by swimming or playing in infected water.
Schistosomiasis is known as bilharzia or bilharziosis in many countries, after Theodor Bilharz, who first described the cause of urinary schistosomiasis in 1851. The first doctor who described the entire disease cycle was Pirajá da Silva in 1908.
Species of Schistosoma which can infect humans:
Schistosoma mansoni (ICD-10 B65.1) and Schistosoma read more [...]
Kidney stones, also called renal calculi, are solid concretions (crystal aggregations) of dissolved minerals in urine; calculi typically form inside the kidneys or bladder. The terms nephrolithiasis and urolithiasis refer to the presence of calculi in the kidneys and urinary tract, respectively.
The kidneys are a pair of organs that are primarily responsible for filtering metabolites and minerals from the circulatory system. These secretions are then passed to the bladder and out of the body as urine. Some of the substances found in urine are able to crystalize, and in a concentrated form these chemicals can precipitate into a solid deposit attached to the kidney walls. These crystals can grow through a process of accretion to form a kidney stone. In medical terminology these deposits are known as renal calculi (Latin renal, “kidney” and calculi, “pebbles”).
Renal calculi can vary in size from as small as grains of sand to as large as a golf ball. Kidney stones typically leave the body by passage in the urine stream, and many stones are formed and passed without causing symptoms. If stones grow to sufficient size before passage—on the order of at least read more [...]
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss of renal function over a period of months or years through five stages. Each stage is a progression through an abnormally low and deteriorating glomerular filtration rate, which is usually determined indirectly by the creatinine level in blood serum.
Stage 1 CKD is mildly diminished renal function, with few overt symptoms.
Stage 5 CKD is a severe illness and requires some form of renal replacement therapy (dialysis or renal transplant). Stage 5 CKD is also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), chronic kidney failure (CKF) or chronic renal failure (CRF).
Signs and symptoms of Chronic kidney disease
Initially it is without specific symptoms and can only be detected as an increase in serum creatinine or protein in the urine. As the kidney function decreases:
blood pressure is increased due to fluid overload and production of vasoactive hormones, increasing one’s risk of developing hypertension and/or suffering from congestive heart failure
Urea accumulates, leading to azotemia and ultimately uremia (symptoms ranging from lethargy to pericarditis and encephalopathy). Urea is read more [...]
Nephrotic syndrome is a nonspecific disorder in which the kidneys are damaged, to leak large amounts of protein (at least 3.5 grams per day per 1.73m2 body surface area) from the blood into the urine.
It is characterised by proteinuria (>3.5g/day), hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia and edema. A few other characteristics are:
The most common sign is excess fluid in the body. This may take several forms:
Puffiness around the eyes, characteristically in the morning.
Edema over the legs which is pitting (i.e. leaves a little pit when the fluid is pressed out, which resolves over a few seconds).
Fluid in the pleural cavity causing pleural effusion.
Fluid in the peritoneal cavity causing ascites.
Some patients may notice foamy urine, due to a lowering of the surface tension by the severe proteinuria. Actual urinary complaints such as hematuria or oliguria are uncommon, and are seen commonly in nephritic syndrome.
May have features of the underlying cause, such as the rash associated with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, or the neuropathy associated with diabetes.
Examination should also exclude other causes of gross edema—especially read more [...]
Palladium پلاڈیم - The Essential Homeopathic Features
Palladium patients are having tremendous emotional insecurity with strong emotions that cannot be expressed, and in this way creating a blockade, a deep inner conflict that needs constant support on the part of those around and especially those whom they are intemately connected, all this is coupled wiyth a tremeddous unexpressed egoism.
They actually think all the time that they are worth more than the others think about them, and it does not matter how much praise thay may others use for them it is neverr enough. An insatiable hunger for flattery, not only praise but really flatter. It is impressive how much they crave it and how little they openly admit and ask for it.
They will sit in the company of many people and if nobody pays attention to them for sometimes they have a strong sense that they are neglected. On the contrary if they feel that they are appreciated they keep very alive and excitable during the contact with the others, and they spend so much emotional energy that when they go back home and are alone again they feel exhausted. Actually this feeling for the need for support and the good read more [...]
Pelvic Inflammatory disease - PID - is very common among young and sexually active women. It defines inflammation of ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus and clinically presents as Pain in lower part of abdomen, Tenderness (Pain on touch), Back pain, Foul smelling copious vaginal discharge, Bleeding per vagina - on and off, Painful coition, Pain after sex and Pain during urination.
Pelvic Inflammatory disease is curable by homeopathic medicines. In acute cases it takes few weeks and in chronic cases of PID it needs few months of continuous medication to cure PID. More than 350 Homeopathic medicines are indicated for PID. Most common and frequently used medicines are described below.
1. Aconite: Violent fever with inflammation of ovaries or uterus, caused by checked perspiration or from sudden checking of menstrual flow, from fright, during confinement or during menstruation, from riding in cold winds or from getting wet when overheated . Accompanied by bitter vomiting and cold sweat, painful urging to urinate; hard rapid pulse; hot dry skin; intense thirst; sharp shooting pain in abdomen with tenderness, great restlessness; fear of death and predicting even the hour of death.
2. read more [...]
Question: What is Hering's Law?
Answer: Hering's Law states that: “All healing occurs from within out, from the head down, and in the reverse order in which the symptoms have appeared.”
Question: Who came up with Hering's Law of Cure?
Answer: Many years ago, a now famous Doctor observed this healing phenomenon and thus, this healing event was named after him, Dr. Constantine Hering (1800 - 1880) - Father of American Homeopathy.
Question: What does Hering's Law mean?
Answer: Hering's Law describes an event or process that may occur after you begin to detox or do a cleanse on your body, especially if you have cleansed too much and / or too fast. Essentially, the body will follow a certain pattern of healing as described below:
“From within-out” - getting rid of toxic accumulations from the inside of the body to the outside (through the skin).
“From the head down” - A good philosophy is part of getting well-a philosophy that brings cheerfulness, happy moments and an attitude of determination to overcome. Where is a person’s philosophy? The answer is in the head. The person who nurtures hate, destructive ideas, misery read more [...]
CONIUM MACULATUM کونیم
Tincture of fresh plant in flower.
THE ESSENTIAL FEATURES
The idea of paralysis in Conium is not so much the one we know from Socrates' death by the 'noggin of hemlock'; real paralysis comes only as an end result, and this may take a very long time, twenty years, thirty years, or more. Conium suffers with a gradually progressing weakness and paresis, and gradual is the key word here.
The idea is much more that of sclerosis, of becoming hard, especially the glands, which become swollen and indurated. A gradually progressing weakness with the formation of indurations during the decline, is the picture of Conium pathology.
Mental Paralysis and Induration
This process develops on all three levels. On the mental level, we observe a gradual decline of the intellectual capacities.
The patient becomes more and more dull; he has more and more difficulty in comprehension.
Thinking is slowed down, memory becomes weak, and the patient becomes forgetful. His five senses lose their acuity, and his reserves slowly ebb away. A frequent and characteristic symptom is an inability to sustain mental effort read more [...]