Phobia and its Homoeopathic Treatment – Dr. Nitin T yagi MD. (Hom.)

Associate professor & HOD ,Department of Practice of Medicine, Faculty of Homoeopathic Science, Jayoti Vidyapeeth Women’s

University, Jaipur


A phobia is an irrational fear, a kind of anxiety

disorder in which the individual has a relentless

dread of a situation, living creature, place, or thing.

If confronted with the source of their phobia, the

person will suffer enormous distress, which can

interfere with their normal function; it can

sometimes lead to total panic. For some people,

even thinking about their phobia is immensely

distressing. A phobia starts when a person begins

organizing their lives around avoiding the object of

their fear. A phobia is much more serious than a

simple fear. People with a phobia have an

overpowering need to steer clear of anything which

triggers their anxiety

Fast facts on phobias

Here are some key points about phobias. More

detail and supporting information is in the main


Phobias are much more serious than simple


Over 50 million people in the U.S. have a phobia

Females more commonly suffer from phobias

than males

Despite phobic individuals being aware that

their fear is irrational, they cannot control the


Symptoms may include sweating, chest pains,

and pins and needles

Specific brain areas are involved in phobias


If the phobia is of something that the phobic person

very rarely comes into contact with, such as snakes,

their daily lives will not be affected. However, some

complex phobias are impossible to avoid, such

as agoraphobia (fear of leaving home or being in

public places) or social phobia (fear of being among

groups of people).:

Specific phobias (simple phobias) -A

disproportionate fear about specific situations,

living creatures, places, activities, or things.

Examples include a fear of:

Dentists (dentophobia)

Bats (chiroptophobia)

Dogs (cynophobia)

Flying (aviophobia)

Snakes (ophidiophobia)

Birds (ornithophobia)

Frogs (ranidaphobia)

The two examples below, social phobia and

agoraphobia, are known as complex phobias. They

are linked to a deep-rooted fear or anxiety about

certain situations, incidents, or circumstances,

which make them much more disabling than simple

phobias.Dr. Nitin Tyagi, International Journal of Medical Science and Diagnosis Research (IJMSDR)

© 2018 IJMSDR. All Rights Reserved.



Social phobias are now called social anxiety

disorder. A person with social phobia finds being in

social situations difficult and sometimes

unbearable. Going to parties, weddings, functions,

or exhibitions cause sufferers anxiety; there is fear

of being embarrassed or humiliated in public.

It often includes a fear of being judged by other

people. People affected with social phobia feel that

they will be scrutinized and singled out in the

crowd; they prefer to avoid social gatherings


Psychologists say that a high proportion of adults

with social phobia start taking measures to avoid

social situations during their teenage years. Studies

have shown that their progressively isolated

lifestyles make them more susceptible

to developing depression. Experts emphasize

that social phobia is not the same as shyness.

Obese people may develop social anxiety disorder,

simply because of their weight.


An individual with agoraphobia is frightened of

finding themselves in situations where there is no

escape; they fear being stuck in a desperate

situation with no help. Agoraphobia may include a

dread of traveling on buses or trains or going into

large shops or shopping malls. When symptoms are

severe, the patient may find stepping out of their

own home unbearable.

Sufferers have an increased risk of also suffering

from panic disorder. As with social phobia, crowded

and public places are avoided.


Arachnophobia (fear of spiders) is among the top

ten phobias worldwide.

The ten most common phobias in the U.K. and U.S.


Social phobia – fear of being in places with a lot

of people

Agoraphobia – fear of being somewhere with no

support, away from home, open spaces

Claustrophobia – fear of being in constricted,

confined spaces

Aerophobia – fear of flying

Arachnophobia – fear of spiders

Driving phobia – fear of driving a car

Emetophobia – fear of vomiting

Erythrophobia – fear of blushing

Hypochondria – fear of becoming ill

Zoophobia – fear of animals

Symptoms of phobias

The following symptoms are common across the

majority of phobias:

When exposed to the source of the fear, there

is a sensation of uncontrollable anxiety

A feeling that at all costs, the source of that fear

must be avoided

The anxiety is so overwhelming when

confronted with the source of the fear, that the

person is unable to function properly

It is common for sufferers to acknowledge that

their fears are irrational, unreasonable, and

exaggerated; however, in spite of this, they are

unable to control their feelings

Panic and intense anxiety, which may include:

o Sweating

o Abnormal breathing (panting, trying to catch

your breath)

o Accelerated heartbeat

o Trembling

o Hot flushes or chills

o A sensation of choking

o Chest pains, chest tightness

o Butterflies in the stomach

o Pins and needles

o Dry mouth

o Confusion and disorientation

o Nausea

o Dizziness

o Headache

A feeling of anxiety is produced by simply

thinking about the object of the phobia

Children may cry, become very clingy, attempt

to hide behind a parent’s legs or an object, or

have tantrumsDr. Nitin Tyagi, International Journal of Medical Science and Diagnosis Research (IJMSDR)

© 2018 IJMSDR. All Rights Reserved.



It is unusual for a phobia to start after the age of 30;

most of them begin during early childhood, teenage

years, or early adulthood. They can be caused by a

stressful situation or experience, a frightening

event, or a parent or household member who has a

phobia which the child becomes progressively

aware of.



These usually develop when the child is aged 4-8. In

some cases, it may be the result of something that

happened early in life. The trigger might have been

an unpleasant experience in a confined space,

which festered and developed into

claustrophobia over time.

As mentioned above, witnessing a family member’s

phobia is a common cause for phobias that started

during childhood. A child whose mother has

arachnophobia is much more likely to develop the

same phobia.

Experts stress that phobias picked up from parents

are learned fears – they are not genetically



The causes of agoraphobia or social phobia are still

a mystery; nobody is sure exactly why they appear.

Researchers believe they are caused by a

combination of life experiences, brain chemistry,

and genetics.

Social phobias are more likely to be caused by an

extremely stressful experience than agoraphobia,

researchers say.

Phobias and survival – there may be evolutionary

explanations for many phobias. In prehistoric

environments, remaining in wide open spaces

would have increased the risk of being attacked and

eaten by a predatory animal. The instinct to stay at

home, especially for young children, aids survival.

Young children in their caves and huts would have

had to learn to avoid dangerous snakes and spiders


Social phobia may have been a useful survival

instinct during ancient and prehistoric times. Being

among people you do not know, from perhaps

another tribe, was much more dangerous than

finding yourself among a crowd of strangers in a

shopping mall today.


Specific areas of the brain – the amygdala in

particular – are associated with phobias.

Some areas of the brain – the prefrontal cortex,

medial prefrontal cortex, ventromedial prefrontal

cortex, and the amygdala – store and recall

dangerous or potentially deadly events.In future

occasions, if a very similar event is confronted,

those areas retrieve that same memory, causing the

body to react as if it was happening again.With

some people, the event may feel as if it is repeating

itself many times.

Some effective treatments manage to get the brain

to replace the memory and reactions with

something more rational. Phobias are irrational

phenomena – the brain overreacts to a stimulus.

Unfortunately, the brain areas that deal with fear

and stress keep retrieving the frightening event


Neuroscience researchers have found that phobias

are often linked to the amygdala, which lies behind

the pituitary gland. The amygdala can trigger the

release of “fight-or-flight” hormones, which put the

body and mind in a highly alert and stressed state.


When diagnosing a phobia, a doctor will aim to

determine whether or not an object triggers

unreasonable fear. People with a phobia are nearly

always aware that it is present, and they are not

defensive when discussing their symptoms with a

doctor. This helps diagnosis enormously. Even so,

millions of sufferers never discuss their fears with a

doctor. This is unfortunate because there are

effective treatments available.


If the phobia does not cause severe problems, most

patients find that by simply avoiding the source of

their fear is enough to stay in control. Some phobias

are not possible to avoid, as may be the case with

aviophobia (fear of flying). In such cases,

professional help should be sought. The good news

is that with proper treatment, most phobias can be

cured. Treatment needs to be tailored to the

patient for it to work – no single treatment worksDr. Nitin Tyagi, International Journal of Medical Science and Diagnosis Research (IJMSDR)

© 2018 IJMSDR. All Rights Reserved.


for everybody. The doctor, psychiatrist, and/or

psychologist may recommend behavior therapy,

medications, or a combination of both. Therapy is

aimed at reducing the symptoms of fear and

anxiety, and to help patients manage their reactions

to the source of their fear.


The following medications have been shown to be

effective for the treatment of phobias:

Beta blockers can help reduce some symptoms of


Beta blockers – can help reduce the symptoms of

palpitations, as well as trembling limbs. Many

patients comment that they also help their voice

quiver less.Side effects may include stomach

upsets, fatigue, problems sleeping, and cold fingers.

Antidepressants – SSRI’s (serotonin reuptake

inhibitors) are commonly prescribed for people with

phobias. They affect serotonin levels in the brain,

which results in better moods.SSRIs may initially

cause nausea, sleeping problems, and headaches.

A tricyclic antidepressant (TCA), such as

clomipramine (Anafranil) has also been found to

help phobia symptoms. Initial side effects can

include sleepiness, blurred vision, constipation,

urination difficulties, irregular heartbeat, dry

mouth, and tremors.If the SSRI does not work, the

doctor may prescribe a monoamine oxidase

inhibitor (MAOI) for social phobia, an example is

moclobemide (Manerix). Patients on an MAOI may

have to avoid certain types of food. Side effects

initially might include dizziness, stomach upsets,

restlessness, headaches, and problems sleeping.

Tranquilizers (sedatives) – benzodiazepines may

help reduce anxiety symptoms. Patients with a

history of alcoholism should not be given sedatives.

Behavior therapy

Desensitization (exposure therapy) – if done

properly, this can help patients alter their response

to the source of their fear. Patients are exposed to

the cause of their phobia in gradual progressive

steps. Somebody who is afraid of flying on a plane

may start off just by thinking about flying, then

looking at planes, going to an airport, perhaps

sitting in a practice simulated airplane cabin, and

then finally getting on a plane.

Cognitive behavioral therapy – the therapist helps

the sufferer learn different ways of perceiving the

source of their phobia, so that they may find it

easier to cope. Alternative views about the fear(s)

are taught. The patient is taught about the impact a

wrong approach may have on quality of life, and

how a new one may change things. Most

importantly, those with phobias learn to become

masters of their own feelings and thoughts


Aconite: Best Homeopathic medicine for anxiety

with fear of death. Natural Homeopathic

medicine Aconite is the top homeopathic

medicine for anxiety. It is of great help

particularly for those having anxiety of death.

Cases of extreme anxiety with a strong emotion

of fear have been successfully treated with

Aconite. It is of great help for patients who are

even afraid of venturing out of the house or fear

going to the doctors.

Arsenic Album: One of the Top Homeopathic

medicines for anxiety with restlessness Arsenic

Album, like Aconite, is among the best natural

Homeopathic medicines for anxiety. It is very

beneficial as a remedy if a patient suffers from

anxiety with marked restlessness. The person

needing Arsenic Album has intense anxiety

about his own future and health, and also for

others. This Homeopathic remedy is of great

help for treating anxiety that is marked by great

despair, driving the person to move from one

place to another. Arsenic Album also provides a

very beneficial cure for people who fear being

left alone. If there is a strong fear of disease or

of financial loss, Arsenic Album is the best

natural Homeopathic remedy.

Argentum Nitricum:

One of the Best natural Homeopathic medicines

for anxiety from anticipation Homeopathic

medicine Argentum Nitricum is of great help in

the treatment of anxiety from anticipation —

when a person is anxious and his mind is filled

with apprehension and fears. The one clear

symptom for prescribing Homeopathic medicine

Argentum Metallicum is anxiety with mental

impulses. The person walks rapidly. Argentum

is one of the best homeopathic medicines for

anxiety when it comes to homeopathic treatmentDr. Nitin Tyagi, International Journal of Medical Science and Diagnosis Research (IJMSDR)

© 2018 IJMSDR. All Rights Reserved.


of performance anxiety. In such cases, the

person thinks that all his undertakings will fail.


One of the Top Homeopathic medicines for

anxiety when appearing in publicThe best

natural Homeopathic medicine for treatment of

anxiety especially when appearing in public is

Gelsemium. Fear also accompanies anxiety in

such situations. Stage fright with symptoms of

anxiety is also best treated with Homeopathic

medicine Gelsemium. A distinguishable

symptom is nervousness with trembling of

hands. The person also feels anxious about his

present, future and health. Gelsemium is also of

great help in dealing with anxiety during


Kali Arsenicosum:

One of the Best Homeopathic medicines for

anxiety about health Kali Arsenicosum is one of

the top Homeopathic medicines for anxiety

when the anxiety is relating to health. This

natural remedy is of great help for persons who

are always anxious and restless about being

afflicted with a life-threatening disease, or

having a stroke. Homeopathic medicine Kali

Arsenicosum is also very beneficial for treating

mental and physical restlessness with fear that

something bad will happen. Anxiety on going to

bed with difficult breathing is best treated with

natural Homeopathic medicine Kali






4. Ahuja Niraj, A short textbook of psychiatry.



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Ludie Est
Ludie Est
1 month ago

A Very good article on Phobia and fear

Hussain Kaisrani

Hussain Kaisrani (aka Ahmad Hussain) is a distinguished Psychotherapist & Chief Consultant at Homeopathic Consultancy, Lahore, Learn More

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