S. Kivellos and G. Vithoulkas
According to Prof. G. Vithoulkas’ theory of “Levels of Health”, patients are classified into different levels of health. The criteria used for this classification are based on the immune responses of the body to different disease agents and treatments.
It has been observed that sometimes after an acute disease, an autoimmune disease emerges, which has a direct relation to the acute and also to the medications used in the case. Such a reaction usually is attributed to the side effects of the medication. After such an emergence of a chronic auto-immune disease, the organism stops developing acute infections, that were manifesting regularly in the past.
The fact for instance that an organism does not develop any acute diseases, can be interpreted in two ways: a) the body is very healthy or, b) the body cannot manifest an acute disease due to a compromised immune system.
In this study is examined the ability of the organism to maintain a high fever in acute conditions as a protector of later development of autoimmune conditions.
Consequently, there is a need to scientifically approach the fact that the treatment of acute diseases read more [...]
A chronic systemic disease characterised by inflammatory changes in joints & related structures that results in crippling deformities. Diseases primarily affecting the synovium & adjacent tissues.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disorder that may affect many tissues and organs, but principally attacks the joints producing a inflammatory synovitis that often progresses to destruction of the articular cartilage and ankylosis of the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis can also produce diffuse inflammation in the lungs, pericardium, pleura, and sclera, and also nodular lesions, most common in subcutaneous tissue under the skin. Although the cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, autoimmunity plays a pivotal role in its chronicity and progression.
Cause of Rheumatoid Arthritis:
– Exact cause is not known.
– Evidence points to autoimmune etiology.
– Genetic predisposition common.
– Precipitating factors:
• Physical or emotional stress.
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Chronic, inflammatory, systemic disease which may cause joint or connective tissue damage & visceral lesions throughout the body characterised by fever, rash, hepato-spleenomegaly & arthritis in children.
It is a persistent inflammatory arthritis (> 6 weeks) that begins before age 16 for which no specific cause can be found.
ETIOLOGY of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
• Exact cause is unknown.
• Evidence points to autoimmune aetiology.
• Associated with physical or emotional stress.
• Age: Under 16 years of age.
• Sex: Common in girls.
CLINICAL FEATURES of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
• Onset: acute or insidious.
• Swelling & pain in joints.
• Poor appetite.
• Loss of weight.
• Child refuses to walk without being able to explain why.
• Fever: remittent.
• Rash on trunk, limbs as patches of erythema.
• Affected joints hot, tender & swollen.
• Effusion of joint.
• Limitation of joint movement.
INVESTIGATIONS for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
• Hb%: low.
• TLC: 20,000-50,000/cu.mm.
• read more [...]
Autoimmune diseases arise from an overactive immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body. In other words, the body attacks its own cells. Autoimmune diseases are a major cause of immune-mediated diseases, and are commonly referred to as Autoimmune and Inflammatory Diseases (AIID).
Nearly 79% of autoimmune disease patients in the USA are women. Also they tend to appear during or shortly after puberty. It is not known why this is the case, although hormone levels have been shown to affect the severity of some autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis. Other causes may include the presence of fetal cells in the maternal bloodstream. 
It is possible to classify autoimmune diseases by corresponding type of hypersensitivity: type II, type III, or type IV. (No type of autoimmune disease mimics type I hypersensitivity.)
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM)
Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS)
Autoimmune read more [...]
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus, pronounced /s??st?m?k ?lu?p?s ??r??θim??to?s?s/) is a chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare. As with other autoimmune diseases, the immune system attacks the body’s cells and tissue, resulting in inflammation and tissue damage. SLE can affect any part of the body, but most often harms the heart, joints, skin, lungs, blood vessels, liver, kidneys, and nervous system. The course of the disease is unpredictable, with periods of illness (called flares) alternating with remissions. Lupus can occur at any age, and is most common in women, particularly of non-European descent. Lupus is treatable symptomatically, mainly with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, though there is currently no cure. Survival in patients with SLE in the United States, Canada, and Europe is approximately 95% at 5 years, 90% at 10 years, and 78% at 20 years.
Classification of Systemic lupus erythematosus
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease. Clinically, it can affect multiple organ systems, including the heart, skin, joints, kidneys, and nervous system. There are several read more [...]
Sjögren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which immune cells attack and destroy the exocrine glands that produce tears and saliva. It is named after Swedish ophthalmologist Henrik Sjögren (1899-1986), who first described it. Sjögren’s syndrome is also associated with rheumatic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, and it is rheumatoid factor positive in 90 percent of cases. The hallmark symptoms of the disorder are dry mouth and dry eyes (part of what are known as sicca symptoms). In addition, Sjögren’s syndrome may cause skin, nose, and vaginal dryness, and may affect other organs of the body, including the kidneys, blood vessels, lungs, liver, pancreas, and brain. Nine out of ten Sjögren’s patients are women and the average age of onset is late 40s, although Sjögren’s occurs in all age groups in both women and men. It is estimated to strike as many as 4 million people in the United States alone making it the second most common autoimmune rheumatic disease.
Diagnosis for Sjögren’s syndrome
Diagnosing Sjögren’s syndrome is complicated by the range of symptoms a patient may manifest, and the similarity between symptoms from Sjögren’s syndrome and read more [...]